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Hippocrates was born on the Greek island of Kos approximately 460 BC, according to historians; other biographical details, however, are likely to be false.

The majority of Hippocrates' biographical information comes from his earliest biographer, a 2nd-century Greek physician named Soranus of Ephesus[6]. The writings of John Tzetzes, which originate from the 12th century AD, and the Suda, which date from the 10th century AD, both contain later biographies.In passing, Hippocrates is referenced in the works of two contemporaries from the same time period: Plato's dialogues Protagoras and Phaedrus[8] and Aristotle's Politics, both from the 4th century BC.

Hippocrates of Kos, commonly known as Hippocrates II, was a classical-era Greek physician who is regarded as one of the most notable people in medical history. The use of prognosis and clinical observation, the systematic categorization of illnesses, or the development of humoral theory are only a few of his long-lasting contributions to the discipline that have earned him the title of "Father of Medicine." The Hippocratic school of medicine revolutionised ancient Greek medicine by separating it from other areas with which it had previously been connected and creating a discipline all its own. This led to the creation of medicine as a profession.

Hippocrates is recognised as being the first person to think that diseases were not brought on by superstition and gods, but rather by physiological causes. He received praise from Pythagoras' followers for integrating philosophy and medicine. He distinguished between the study of medicine and religion, contending that illness was a result of one's surroundings, nutrition, and lifestyle rather than a punishment meted out by the gods. In the whole Hippocratic Corpus, there is not a single reference of a mystical sickness. Hippocrates did, however, have a number of beliefs that were founded on faulty knowledge of anatomy and physiology, such as Humorism.